If you have any infections, surgery will usually be delayed until
the infection has cleared up. Your doctor or dentist may have you
take antibiotics to help heal the infection.
Before removing a wisdom tooth, your dentist will give you a local
anesthetic to numb the area where the tooth will be removed. A general
anesthetic may be used, especially if several or all of your wisdom
teeth will be removed at the same time. A general anesthetic prevents
pain in the whole body and will make you groggy or cause you to sleep
through the procedure. Your dentist will probably recommend that you
don't eat or drink after midnight on the night before surgery, so
you are prepared for the anesthetic.
To remove the wisdom tooth, your dentist will open up the gum tissue
over the tooth and take out any bone that is covering the tooth. He
or she will separate the tissue connecting the tooth to the bone and
then remove the tooth. Sometimes the dentist will cut the tooth into
smaller pieces to make it easier to remove.
After the tooth is removed, you may need stitches. Some stitches dissolve over time and some have to be removed after a few days. Your dentist will tell you whether your stitches need to be removed. A folded cotton gauze pad placed over the wound will help stop the bleeding.
Why It Is Done.........
A wisdom tooth is extracted to correct an actual problem or to prevent
problems that may come up in the future. When wisdom teeth come in,
a number of problems can occur:
Your jaw may not be large enough for them, and they may become impacted
and unable to break through your gums.
In most cases, the recovery period lasts only a few days. Take painkillers as prescribed by your dentist or oral surgeon. The following tips will help speed your recovery.
• Bite gently on the gauze pad periodically, and change pads as they become soaked with blood. Call your dentist or oral surgeon if you still have bleeding 24 hours after your surgery.
• While your mouth is numb, be careful not to bite the inside of your cheek or lip, or your tongue.
• Eat soft foods, such as gelatin, pudding, or a thin soup. Gradually add solid foods to your diet as healing progresses.
• After the first day, gently rinse your mouth with warm salt water several times a day to reduce swelling and relieve pain.